World Scientific
  • Search
  •   
Skip main navigation

Cookies Notification

We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By continuing to browse the site, you consent to the use of our cookies. Learn More
×
Our website is made possible by displaying certain online content using javascript.
In order to view the full content, please disable your ad blocker or whitelist our website www.worldscientific.com.

System Upgrade on Tue, Oct 25th, 2022 at 2am (EDT)

Existing users will be able to log into the site and access content. However, E-commerce and registration of new users may not be available for up to 12 hours.
For online purchase, please visit us again. Contact us at [email protected] for any enquiries.

Attention and Consciousness in Intentional Action: Steps Toward Rich Artificial Agency

    https://doi.org/10.1142/S2705078520500022Cited by:5 (Source: Crossref)

    If artificial agents are to be created such that they occupy space in our social and cultural milieu, then we should expect them to be targets of folk psychological explanation. That is to say, their behavior ought to be explicable in terms of beliefs, desires, obligations, and especially intentions. Herein, we focus on the concept of intentional action, and especially its relationship to consciousness. After outlining some lessons learned from philosophy and psychology that give insight into the structure of intentional action, we find that attention plays a critical role in agency, and indeed, in the production of intentional action. We argue that the insights offered by the literature on agency and intentional action motivate a particular kind of computational cognitive architecture, and one that hasn’t been well-explicated or computationally fleshed out among the community of AI researchers and computational cognitive scientists who work on cognitive systems. To give a sense of what such a system might look like, we present the ARCADIA attention-driven cognitive system as first steps toward an architecture to support the type of agency that rich human–machine interaction will undoubtedly demand.

    References

    • Baars, B. J. [1997] In the theatre of consciousness. Global Workspace Theory, a rigorous scientific theory of consciousness, J. Conscious. Stud. 4, 292–309. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/imp/jcs/1997/00000004/00000004/776 Google Scholar
    • Bello, P. and Bridewell, W. [2017] There is no agency without attention, AI Mag. 38(4), 27–34. Google Scholar
    • Bello, P., Lovett, A., Briggs, G. and Neill, K. O. [2018] An attention-driven computational model of human causal reasoning, in Proc. 40th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, (Madison, WI), pp. 1353–1358. Google Scholar
    • Bridewell, W. and Bello, P. F. [2015] Incremental object perception in an attention-driven cognitive architecture, in Proc. 37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 279–284. Google Scholar
    • Bridewell, W. and Bello, P. [2016] A theory of attention for cognitive systems, in Fourth Annual Conf. Advances in Cognitive Systems (Evanston, IL), pp. 1–16. Google Scholar
    • Bridewell, W., Wasylyshyn, C. and Bello, P. [2018] Towards an attention-driven model of task switching, Adv. Cognitive Syst. 6, 1–6. Google Scholar
    • Briggs, G., Bridewell, W. and Bello, P. F. [2017] A computational model of the role of attention in subitizing and enumeration, in Proc. 39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, (London, UK), pp. 1672–1677. Google Scholar
    • Dehaene, S., Changeux, J. P., Naccache, L., Sackur, J. and Sergent, C. [2006] Conscious, preconscious, and subliminal processing: A testable taxonomy, Trends Cognitive Sci. 10(5), 204–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2006.03.007, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364661306000799 CrossrefGoogle Scholar
    • Levy, N. [2014] Consciousness and Moral Responsibility (Oxford University Press). CrossrefGoogle Scholar
    • Lovett, A., Bridewell, W. and Bello, P. [2019] Selection enables enhancement: An integrated model of object tracking, J. Vis. 19(14), 23. https://doi.org/10.1167/19.14.23 CrossrefGoogle Scholar
    • O’Neill, K., Bridewell, W. and Bello, P. [2018] Time-based resource sharing in ARCADIA, in Proc. 40th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, (Madison, WI), pp. 828–833. Google Scholar
    • Watzl, S. [2017] Structuring Mind. The Nature of Attention and How it Shapes Consciousness (Oxford University Press). CrossrefGoogle Scholar
    • Wu, W. [2015] Experts and Deviants: The story of agentive control, doi:10.1111/phpr.12170. Google Scholar