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Application Limits of Conservative Source Interpolation Methods Using a Low Mach Number Hybrid Aeroacoustic Workflow

    In low Mach number aeroacoustics, the well-known disparity of scales allows applying hybrid simulation models using different meshes for flow and acoustics, which leads to a fast computational procedure. The hybrid workflow of the perturbed convective wave equation involves three steps: (1) perform unsteady incompressible flow computations on a subdomain; (2) compute the acoustic sources and (3) simulate the acoustic field, using a mesh specifically suited. These aeroacoustic methods seek for a robust, conservative and computational efficient mesh-to-mesh transformation of the aeroacoustic sources. In this paper, the accuracy and the application limitations of a cell-centroid-based conservative interpolation scheme is compared to the computationally advanced cut-volume cell approach in 2D and 3D. Based on a previously validated axial fan model where spurious artifacts have been visualized, the results are evaluated systematically using a grid convergence study. To conclude, the monotonic convergence of both conservative interpolation schemes is demonstrated. Regarding arbitrary mesh deformation (for example, the motion of the vocal folds in human phonation), the study reveals that the computationally simpler cell-centroid-based conservative interpolation can be the method of choice.

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    Published: 24 February 2021