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Improving the adsorption of sulfur trioxide on TiO2 anatase nanoparticles by N-doping: A DFT study

    https://doi.org/10.1142/S021963361550025XCited by:5 (Source: Crossref)

    The adsorptions of sulfur trioxide molecule on undoped and N-doped TiO2 anatase nanoparticles were investigated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. N-doped nanoparticles were constructed by substitution of oxygen atoms of TiO2 by nitrogen atoms. The results showed that the adsorption energies of SO3 on the different nanoparticles following the order N-doped (N site)>N-doped (OD site)>Undoped (OD site). We provide the electronic structure of the nanoparticles, as well as complex systems containing the sulfur trioxide molecule and discuss the key issues that influence the adsorption process. The structural properties including the bond lengths, bond angles and adsorption energies and the electronic properties including the projected density of states (PDOSs) and molecular orbitals (MOs) have been mainly analyzed in detail. The obtained results indicate that the interaction between SO3 molecule and N-doped TiO2 nanoparticle is stronger than that between SO3 and undoped nanoparticle, which suggests that N-doping helps to strengthen the interaction of SO3 with TiO2 anatase nanoparticles. It is shown that although SO3 molecule has no significant interaction with undoped nanoparticle, it tends to be strongly adsorbed to N-doped anatase nanoparticles with considerable adsorption energies, being as an effective property to be utilized in gas sensing applications. We also note at this point that the titanium atom and the doped nitrogen atom sites are more active than the dangling oxygen site, which reveals that the titanium and doped nitrogen sites provide more stable adsorption geometries.

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