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VIRTUAL CROSSING NUMBERS FOR VIRTUAL KNOTS

    https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218216512400093Cited by:1 (Source: Crossref)

    The aim of the present paper is to prove that the minimal number of virtual crossings for some families of virtual knots grows quadratically with respect to the minimal number of classical crossings. All previously known estimates for virtual crossing number ([D. M. Afanasiev, Refining the invariants of virtual knots by using parity, Sb. Math.201(6) (2010) 3–18; H. A. Dye and L. H. Kauffman, Virtual crossing numbers and the arrow polynomial, in The Mathematics of Knots. Theory and Applications, eds. M. Banagl and D. Vogel (Springer-Verlag, 2010); S. Satoh and Y. Tomiyama, On the crossing number of a virtual knot, Proc. Amer. Math. Soc.140 (2012) 367–376] and so on) were principally no more than linear in the number of classical crossings (or, what is the same, in the number of edges of a virtual knot diagram) and no virtual knot was found with virtual crossing number greater than the classical crossing number.

    To the memory of my father Oleg Vassilievich Manturov (3 July 1936 – 23 July 2011)

    AMSC: 57M25, 57M27

    References