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hp-Version discontinuous Galerkin methods on polygonal and polyhedral meshes

    An hp-version interior penalty discontinuous Galerkin method (DGFEM) for the numerical solution of second-order elliptic partial differential equations on general computational meshes consisting of polygonal/polyhedral elements is presented and analyzed. Utilizing a bounding box concept, the method employs elemental polynomial bases of total degree p (𝒫p-basis) defined on the physical space, without the need to map from a given reference or canonical frame. This, together with a new specific choice of the interior penalty parameter which allows for face-degeneration, ensures that optimal a priori bounds may be established, for general meshes including polygonal elements with degenerating edges in two dimensions and polyhedral elements with degenerating faces and/or edges in three dimensions. Numerical experiments highlighting the performance of the proposed method are presented. Moreover, the competitiveness of the p-version DGFEM employing a 𝒫p-basis in comparison to the conforming p-version finite element method on tensor-product elements is studied numerically for a simple test problem.

    AMSC: 65N30, 65N50, 65N55


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