World Scientific
  • Search
Skip main navigation

Cookies Notification

We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By continuing to browse the site, you consent to the use of our cookies. Learn More

System Upgrade on Tue, May 28th, 2024 at 2am (EDT)

Existing users will be able to log into the site and access content. However, E-commerce and registration of new users may not be available for up to 12 hours.
For online purchase, please visit us again. Contact us at [email protected] for any enquiries. by:0 (Source: Crossref)

Population and economic growth are increasing the demand for water, while climate change, pollution and the over-extraction of groundwater are decreasing the world's supply of fresh water. While technological and management reforms can increase supply, sustainable development calls for water conservation. This paper explores the potential of residential water conservation in Dhaka (Bangladesh) with particular focus on the roles of prices, regulatory policies and water-efficient fixtures. Primary data collected from 60 households in Dhaka in 2010 reflects that on average, households spend 1.15% of their monthly expenditures on water bills with a median of BDT 350/month (USD 4.40/month)1 [note: The exchange rate is USD 1 = BDT 79.54 (2011 average exchange rate, World Development Indicators, The World Bank).]. A typical household of 4–6 people consumes about 2000 liters/day. Water conservation is a neglected concept in Dhaka, and despite the wide availability of efficient fixtures in the market, very few households have installed them. Under this scenario, more accurate pricing through 100% metering, implementation of regulations and greater awareness are necessary to promote domestic water conservation using water-efficient fixtures.