World Scientific
  • Search
  •   
Skip main navigation

Cookies Notification

We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By continuing to browse the site, you consent to the use of our cookies. Learn More
×
Our website is made possible by displaying certain online content using javascript.
In order to view the full content, please disable your ad blocker or whitelist our website www.worldscientific.com.

System Upgrade on Tue, Oct 25th, 2022 at 2am (EDT)

Existing users will be able to log into the site and access content. However, E-commerce and registration of new users may not be available for up to 12 hours.
For online purchase, please visit us again. Contact us at [email protected] for any enquiries.
https://doi.org/10.1142/9789811229770_0018Cited by:0 (Source: Crossref)
Abstract:

As we all know, there are four major cradles of civilization in the world, namely Mesopotamia in the Two Rivers basin, ancient Egypt in the Nile River basin, ancient India in the Ganges and Indus River basins, and ancient China in the Yellow and Yangtze River basins. Each of the four major civilizations has developed independently with its own unique characteristics. However, they are not closed or isolated, but influence each other directly or indirectly, contact and integrate with each other, thus jointly promoting the development of human civilization. The four major cradles of civilization are far away from each other. Especially in the ancient times, it is hard to imagine that there were some communication and exchanges among them. However, based on archeological discoveries, people have gradually come to realize that such communication and exchanges did exist. After the rise of ancient civilization centers, they expanded in a wave-like manner, impacting the surrounding areas. This kind of communication and exchange did not begin directly, but indirectly through the nomads. These ethnic groups then gradually and slowly merged and assimilated. The development of human civilization is polycentric, but it does not exclude the exchange among the civilization centers. In the course of human civilization, all civilization centers and nations have their own contributions, and they exchange and learn from each other. This is our basic viewpoint on the study of ancient cultural and technical exchanges between China and foreign countries…