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Random Lindblad Operators Obeying Detailed Balance by:0 (Source: Crossref)

    We introduce different ensembles of random Lindblad operators , which satisfy quantum detailed balance condition with respect to given stationary state σ of size N, and investigate their spectral properties. Such operators are known as ‘Davies generators’ and their eigenvalues are real; however, their spectral densities depend on σ. We propose different structured ensembles of random matrices, which allow us to tackle the problem analytically in the extreme cases of Davies generators corresponding to random σ with a nondegenerate spectrum or the maximally mixed stationary state, σ=1/N. Interestingly, in the latter case the density can be reasonably well approximated by integrating out the imaginary component of the spectral density characteristic to the ensemble of random unconstrained Lindblad operators. The case of asymptotic states with partially degenerated spectra is also addressed. Finally, we demonstrate that similar universal properties hold for the detailed balance-obeying Kolmogorov generators obtained by applying superdecoherence to an ensemble of random Davies generators. In this way we construct an ensemble of random classical generators with imposed detailed balance condition.

    Dedicated to the memory of Göran Lindblad, (1940-2022)