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Local and nonlocal phase-field models of tumor growth and invasion due to ECM degradation by:19 (Source: Crossref)

    We present and analyze new multi-species phase-field mathematical models of tumor growth and ECM invasion. The local and nonlocal mathematical models describe the evolution of volume fractions of tumor cells, viable cells (proliferative and hypoxic cells), necrotic cells, and the evolution of matrix-degenerative enzyme (MDE) and extracellular matrix (ECM), together with chemotaxis, haptotaxis, apoptosis, nutrient distribution, and cell-to-matrix adhesion. We provide a rigorous proof of the existence of solutions of the coupled system with gradient-based and adhesion-based haptotaxis effects. In addition, we discuss finite element discretizations of the model, and we present the results of numerical experiments designed to show the relative importance and roles of various effects, including cell mobility, proliferation, necrosis, hypoxia, and nutrient concentration on the generation of MDEs and the degradation of the ECM.

    Communicated by N. Bellomo

    AMSC: 35K35, 35A01, 35D30, 35Q92, 65M60


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