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    The nonlinear mechanism of charge and energy transfer in biological macromolecules is discussed, which is based on the theory of molecular solitons. The main properties of solitons and their dynamics in discrete macromolecular systems are summarised and the corresponding biological consequences are analised. In particular, such consequences include the following. Charged solitons emit electromagnetic radiation, that can be a source for the informational exchange and via which intra- and inter-cellular signalling is possible. Such radiation is shown to result in the long-range interaction between electrosolitons, which leads to the synchronization of soliton dynamics, which can constitute one of the mechanisms of selfregulation in living systems. The soliton model based on the self-consistent description of the interaction between solitons, qualitatively describes main peculiarities of the charge transport that accompanies oxydative-phosphoryllation redox processes. The input of soliton states into the stimulated luminescence explains qualitatively and quantitatively the main properties of the delayed luminescence from biological systems.